Pali Proper Names
- P -
- Pabbajita Sutta. On how a monk should develop and cultivate his
mind, filling it with thoughts of how to get rid of evil, of thoughts of
transience, selflessness, etc. A.v.107f.
- Pabbajjā Sutta
- Pabbata vihāra. A monastery built by Moggallāna 1. and given over
to the Thera Mahānāma of the Dīghāsana (? Dīghasanda) vihāra. Cv.xxxix.42.
- Pabbatabbhantara. The Pāli name for the Burmese Taung dwin gyī.
Bode, op. cit., 43.
- Pabbatachinnā. An eminent nun of Ceylon. Dpv.xv.78; in xviii. she
is called Pabbatā.
- Pabbatakumāra. The son of Dhananda. He was kidnapped by Cānakka who
brought him up with his protégé, Candagutta. On discovering that Pabbata was
the weaker, he contrived to have him murdered as he slept. For details see
- Pabbatanta. A canal built by Mahāsena from the Mahāvālukagangā.
- Pabbatārāma. A monastery built by Pabbata, minister of Vattagāmanī.
It is probably the same that is mentioned in the Mahāvamsa Tīkā (p.616) as
lying to the south of Vessagiri vihāra and near the village of
- Pabbatarattha. A district in the centre of Videharattha. In it was
the city of Dhammakonda, the residence of Dhaniya. SNA.i.26.
- Pabbatūpama Sutta
- Pabbatūpatthara Jātaka
- Pabbhāradāyaka Thera. An arahant. He once cleaned the shed (pabbhāra)
in which Piyadassī Buddha kept his drinking water and provided him with a pot.
Twenty two kappas ago he was a king named Susuddha. Ap.i.252.
- Pabbhāravāsī Tissa Thera
- Pabhangu Sutta. The Buddha teaches that which has the nature of
crumbling away and that which has not. Body crumbles, but the sinking of the
body to rest does not. S.iii.32.
- Pabhankara Thera. An arahant. He once saw the cetiya of Padumuttam
Buddha covered with trees and creepers and quite inaccessible. He cleared it
and made it ready for worship. Ap.i.269 70.
- Pabhassara Sutta. The mind is luminous, but is defiled by taints
from without. It can, however, be cleansed of these taints. A.i.10.
- Pabhassara. A king of long ago, a previous birth of Mahā Kaccāna.
- Pabhedavatthu, Pabhejavatthu. See Mahejjāvatthu.
- Pacalā Sutta
- Pacāyika Sutta. Few are they that
pay respect to the elders of the clan; more numerous those that do not
(S.v.468). Both the text and the uddāna call this sutta Pacāyika, but the
correct name is Apacāyika, and it should be altered to this.
- Paccāgamanīya Thera
- Paccanīka Sutta. Once the brahmin Paccanīkasāta of Sāvatthi visited
the Buddha and asked him to recite a doctrine. But the Buddha refused, saying
that there was no use in trying to teach one whose heart was corrupt and full
of animosity. This refusal seems to have pleased the brahmin. S.i.179.
- Paccanīkasāta. A brahmin of Sāvatthi, to whom the Buddha refused to
preach (see Paccanīa Sutta). Buddhaghosa says (SA.i.205) that the Brahmin was
so called ("Gainsayer") because he took delight in opposing everything that
anyone else said.
- Paccanta Sutta. Few are those born in the Majjhimadesa; more
numerous those born in the Paccanta janapada, among unreasoning barbarians.
- Paccarī. See Mahāpaccarī.
- Paccaya Thera
- Paccayasangaha. A compilation by Vācissāra. Gv.71.
- Pacceka Brahmā. Mention is made in one or two places in the books
of Brahmas who are described as Pacceka Brahmā - e.g., Subrahmā,
Suddhāvāsa and Tudu. I have not come across any explanation of this term. It
may designate a Brahmā who does not live in any recognized Brahmā world, but
in a world of his own.
- Pacceka Buddha
- Pacchābhū Thera. The teacher of Malitavambha (Thag.vs.105;
ThagA.i.211); the word perhaps means "born in the west"; see below.
- Pacchābhūmaka Sutta (=Mataka
- Pacchābhumma (Pacchābhūma)
- Pacchāsamana Sutta. The five qualities which should be lacking in a
monk who is taken as an attendant (pacchāsamana). A.iii.137.
- Pacchidāyaka Thera. See Sajjhadāyaka.
- Pacchimadesa, Pacchimadisā, Pacchimapassa. A province in Ceylon,
probably in the west. Cv.xliv.88f.; but see Cv. Trs.i.82, n.4. In the province
was the Vallipāsāna vihāra residence of Mahā Nāgasena. MT.552.
- Pacchimārāma. A monastery, probably to the west of Pulatthipura. It
was founded by Parakkamabāhu I. and contained twenty two parivenas and
numerous other buildings. Cv.lxxviii.70ff.
- Paccorohanī Sutta. Jānussonī tells the Buddha how, on certain fast
days, the brahmins perform a ceremony called paccorohanī, when they bathe and
purify themselves and worship the fire three times during the night. He then
asks the Buddha whether the Ariyans have a corresponding observance, and the
Buddha answers him. A.v.233ff.
- Paccorohanī Vagga. The twelfth section of the Dassaka Nipāta of the
Anguttara Nikāya (A.v.222 37). One of the suttas deals with the "spiritual
coming down again" (paccorohani); hence, probably the name of the Vagga.
- Paccuggamanīya Thera. An arahant. Ninety four kappas ago he saw
Siddhattha Buddha and followed him with rapt gaze. Twenty seven kappas ago he
was a king called Saparivāra. Ap.i.240.
- Paccupatthānasaññaka Thera
- Paceli vihāra. A monastery in Sonnagiripāda, residence of Sonaka
Thera, son of the hunter. MA.ii.887. See also Pipphali Vihāra.
- Pacetana Sutta. See Cakkavatti Sutta.
- Pacetana. A king of old, whose wheelwright was the Bodhisatta
(A.i.110). See Cakkavatti Sutta.
- Pācīna Suttā. A group of three suttas, in all of which it is stated
that just as certain rivers (e.g. Gangā, Yamunā, Aciravatī, etc.) tend to flow
eastward, so the monk who cultivates the Noble Eightfold Path tends to
- Pācīnadesa. The Eastern Province of Ceylon. It was less important
than the Dakkhinadesa (See, e.g., Cv.xlviii.33, 41). It is also called the
Pubbadesa (E.g., ibid.,xlv.21) and the Puratthimadesa (Ibid.,xh. 33).
- Pācīnakambavitthi. A monastery in Ceylon, built by Dhātusena.
- Pācīnapabbata. A monastery in Ceylon, on the Vanguttarapabbata, and
built by Sūratissa. Mhv.xxi.5.
- Pācinatissa Vihāra.-A vihāra probably near Jambukola. When the
Bodhi-tree arrived in Ceylon, it was taken there on the tenth day. Mbv.158.
- Pācīnatissapabbata vihāra
- Pācīnavamsa. The name of Mount Vepulla in the time of Kakusandha
Buddha. The inhabitants were called Tivarā, and it took them four days to
climb the mountain and four days to descend. S.ii.190.
- Pacuruyyāna. A park in Ceylon, laid out by Parakkmabāhu I.
- Pada Sutta
- Padakkamana. See Padavikkamana.
- Padakusalamānava Jātaka
- Padalañchana. A village in Ceylon where Vajirā, queen of Kassapa
V., built a monastery for the Theravādins (Cv.lii.63). Mention is made (Ibid.,
liv.44) of a temple of four cetiyas in Padalañchana, which was burnt down by
the Colas and restored by Mahinda IV.
- Pādalola Brahmadatta
- Pādañjali Jātaka (No. 247)
- Pādapāvara. Seven kappas ago there were four kings of this name,
previous births of Sattapaduminiya Thera. AP.i.254.
- Pādapīthiya Thera. An arahant. In the past he made a footstool for
the seat of Sumedha Buddha. Ap.ii.400.
- Pādapūjaka Thera
- Padapūjaka. See Pādapūjaka.
- Padaratittha vihāra. A monastery in the
Damila country in South India. It was the residence of ācariya Dhammapāla
(Sās.33; Svd.1194). v.l. Badaratittha.
- Padarūpasiddhi. See Rūpasiddhi.
- Padarūpavibhāvana. A commentary on Nāmarūpapariccheda. Gv.71.
- Padasaññaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety two kappas ago he
happened upon the footprint of Tissa Buddha and was overjoyed at the sight.
Seven kappas ago he was a king named Sumedha. Ap.i.119.
- Padavārasuññakanda. A district in the Dakkhinadesa of Ceylon.
- Padāvi. A locality in Ceylon where Udaya 1. built a large hall for
the sick. Cv.xlix.19.
- Padavibhāga. A grammatical work by a monk named Ñāna. Bode, op.
- Padavikkamana. A king of eighty two kappas ago, a previous birth of
Mānava (Sammukhāthavika) Thera (ThagA.i.164; Ap.i.159). v.l. Padakkamana.
- Padesa Sutta
- Padesavihāra Sutta. The Atthasālini (p.30) refers to a sutta of
this name and quotes from it. The reference is, evidently, to the
(1) of the Samyutta. S.v.12.
- Padhāna Sutta
- Padhānaghara, see Mahāpadhānaghara.
- Padhānakammika Tissa Thera
- Padhānarakkha, a monastery in Ceylon where Mānavamma erected the
- Padhānika Tissa Thera
- Padīrattha. A district in Ceylon, where Māgha and Jayabāhu set up
fortifications. Cv.lxxxiii.16; see also lxxxviii.64; and Cv.Trs.ii.149, n. 9.
- Padīvāpī. A tank restored by Parakkamabāhu II. Cv.lxxix.34. See
also Cv.Trs.ii.119, n.2.
- Pādiyattha. A district, the birthplace of Jotidāsa Thera
(ThagA.i.264). v.l. Pāniyattha.
- Pādulaka. A tank built by Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.50.
- Padumacchadaniya Thera. An arahant. He offered a lotus at the pyre
of Vipassī Buddha. Forty seven kappas ago he was a king named Padumissara.
Wherever he went a canopy of lotuses spread itself over him. AP.i.98.
- Padumaccharā. A name given to the nymphs who danced in the lotus
blossoms, which grew in the ponds between the tusks of Erāvana. SNA.i.369.
- Padumadhāriya Thera. An arahant. Thirty one kappas ago he offered a
lotus to a Pacceka Buddha named Sambhava. Ap.ii.453f.; in Ap.i.279 the same
verses are attributed to Padumapūjaka; see also ThagA.i.399.
- Padumaghara. A building in Anurādhapura, where gifts were presented
to the monks (Mhv.xxxiv.65). It was in the palace grounds and was near the
- Padumakesariya Thera. An arahant. Ninety one kappas ago he was an
elephant and, seeing the Buddha Vipassī, scattered lotus pollen over him.
- Padumakūtāgāriya Thera
- Padumanahānakottha. A bathing pool in the form of a lotus, built in
Pulatthipura by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxviii.45.
- Padumapokkharanī. A pond in Anurādhapura in the palace grounds.
Near by was the Padumaghara. MT.633.
- Padumapūjaka Thera
- Padumapuppha (or Pundarīka) Sutta. Once a monk, living in a
forest tract in Kosala, returned from his alms round and, plunging into a
lotus pool, deeply inhaled the perfume of the lotus. A deva of the forest,
wishing to agitate him, called him a thief, and engaged him in conversation.
- Padumapupphiya Thera. An arahant. Ninety two kappas ago, while
picking lotuses, he saw Phussa Buddha and offered him a flower. He later
joined the Order. Forty eight kappas ago he was king eighteen times under the
name of Padumabhāsa. Ap.i.132.
- Padumassara. A park in Anurādhapura laid out by King Kutakanna
- Padumissara. A king of forty seven kappas ago; a former birth of
Padumacchadaniya Thera. Ap.i.98.
- Padyapadoruvamsa. The name given to the Mahāvamsa by the author of
the Mahāvamsa Tīkā (q.v.). v.l. Padyapadānuvamsa.
- Pagata Sutta. A conversation between Sāriputta and Mahā Kotthita as
to whether or not the Tathāgata exists after death. S.iv.384f.
- Pahāna Sutta. The higher life (brahma-cariyā) is for the purpose of
getting rid of the seven fetters (sanyojanāni). A.iv.7.
- Pahasambahula. Thirty one kappas ago there were three kings of this
name, all previous births of Nissenīdāyaka Thera (Ap.i.187). v.l. Sambahula.
- Pahātabba Sutta 1. Everything must be cast away. S.iv.29.
- Pahātabba Sutta 2. The six nivāranas must be given up by those who
wish to achieve right views. A.iii.438.
- Pahecivatthu. See Mahejjāvatthu.
- Pahīna Sutta. The six nivāranas are given up by those who have
achieved right views. A.iii.438.
- Pajāna Sutta
- Pajjamadhu. A Pali poem of one hundred and four stanzas, by Coliya
Dīpankara or Buddhapiya, on the beauty of the Buddha's person, of his teaching
and of the Sangha. P.L.C.222; Svd.1260.
- Pajjaraka. The name of a disease which afflicted Abhayapura
(capital of Ceylon) in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. It was due to the
influence of the Yakkha Punnakāla. Kakusandha visited the Island to dispel the
disease. It is defined as an unhasīsābādha. Mhv.xv.63; MT.349.
- Pajjuna. The eighth of the ten Andhakavenhudāsaputtā, sons of
Devagabhā. J.iv.81; PvA.93,111.
- Pajjunnadhītā Sutta
- Pākasāsana. A name for Indra. Cv.lxxii.186; Abhidhānappadīpikā 20.
- Pākatindriya (or Sambahulā Sutta). Once, a company of monks,
staying in a forest track in Kosala, were muddled in mind, noisy and
uncontrolled in their senses. The deva, who haunted the forest, admonished
them, which agitated them. S.i.203f.
- Pakinnaka Nipāta. The fourteenth section of the Jātakatthakathā.
- Pakinnaka Vagga. The twenty first chapter of the Dhammapada.
- Pakkanta Sutta. The Buddha addresses the monks at Gijjhakūta, soon
after Devadatta had seceded from the order, and tells them that Devadatta's
gain was his ruin, in the same way as the flowering of the plaintain, the
bamboo and the rush. S.ii.241.
- Pakkha Thera
- Pakudha Kaccāyana (Pakudha
Kātiyāna, Kakudha Kaccāyana, Kakuda Kātiyāna)
- Pakudhanagara. A city, evidently in Burma, once the centre of great
literary activity. See Gv. 65; but elsewhere (Gv.67), the works attributed to
the residents of Pakudhanagara are stated to have been written in Kañcipura.
See also Gv. 75, where reference is made to a Makuranagara, v.l. Pakuta.
Perhaps this is the same as Pakudha.
- Pakulā. See Sakulā.
- Pāla. See Cullapāla, Mahāpāla, and Cakkhupāla.
- Palandīpa. A country in South India. Viradeva was once its king.
- Palankotta. A locality in South India, mentioned in the account of
Lankāpura’s campaign against Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.58, 64, 66.
- Palannagara. A village and a monastery in Ceylon. Aggabodhi II.
built a padhānaghara attached to the monastery in honour of the Thera
- Palāsa Jātaka (No. 307, 370)
- Palāsavana. A wood near
Nalakapāna in Kosala. The Buddha stayed
there (A.v.122), and it was there that the Nalakapāna Sutta was preached.
- Palāsinā Sutta. One should put away what is not his
eye, ear, etc. S.iv.128f.
- Palāyi Jātaka (No. 229)
- Pālī. See Mahapālī and Suvannapālī.
- Pālikapāsāda. A building erected by Kassapa V. Cv.lii.66; see also
Cv. Trs.i.168, n.8.
- Pālimuttaka Vinayavinicchaya. See Vinayavinicchaya.
- Pallanka vimāna vatthu. The story of a woman of Sāvatthi who was
married to a youth of equal rank, with whom she lived a virtuous life. After
death she was born in Tāvatimsa, where Moggallāna met her and learned her
story. Vv.iii.3; VvA.128ff.
- Pallankadāyaka Thera. An arahant. He once gave a couch (pallanka),
with cushions, etc., to the Buddha Sumedha. Twenty thousand kappas ago he was
king three times under the name of Suvannābha (Ap.i.175). He is probably
identical with Uttiya Thera. ThagA.i.202f.
- Pallava. A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.55, 73.
- Pallavabhogga. A country from which came Mahādeva, together with
four hundred and sixty thousand monks, for the foundation ceremony of the Mahā
Thūpa (Mhv.xxix.38). Geiger thinks the reference is to Persia. Mhv. Trs.194,
- Pallavakā. The name of a tribe, occurring in a nominal list.
- Pallavavāla. A locality in Ceylon occupied by Mānābharana in his
campaign against Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxii.178,220.
- Pallavavanka. A harbour in Ceylon, the starting place of the
expeditionary force sent by Parakkamabāhu I. against the king of Kamboja.
- Pallikavāpī. A locality where Gokanna, general of Gajabāhu, was
once defeated. Cv.lxx.73.
- Palobhana Sutta. Mention is made of a sutta of this name in the
Pañcagaruka Jātaka (J.i.469), but no sutta has been traced by that name. The
reference is probably to the Dhītaro Sutta (q.v.).
- Paloka Sutta. The Buddha tells Ananda that the world (loka) is so
called from its transitory nature (palokadhamma). In the teachings of the
Ariyans the world consists of eye, objects, etc. S.iv.53.
- Palutthagiri. A locality in Rohana, the scene of two fierce battles
against the Colas, in both of which they were defeated, once in the reign of
Mahinda V., (Cv.Iv.28) and again in the twelfth year of the reign of
Vijayabāhu I. (Ibid., Iviii.18).