Proper Names - P -
- Pāra Sutta.
The Buddha teaches of the further shore (beyond samsāra) and the path leading
- Paradārika Sutta.
About a man of Rājagaha, an adulterer, born as a peta in a dung pit and seen
by Mahā Moggallāna. S.ii.258.
A class of devas. D.ii.260.
- Paragāma vihāra.
A monastery in Ceylon, restored by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lx.61.
The region beyond the Ganges (E.g., J.ii.333; vi.427), to be exiled into which
was a great punishment. E.g., SN. pp. 32, 47.
The first of the two divisions of the Sutta Vibhanga of the
The first chapter of the Pārājikā.
The third of the five divisions of the Pātimokkha.
A monastic building attached to the Valligāma vihāra and erected by
Parakkamabāhu IV. Cv.xc.96.
One of the three Virapperayaras whom Lankāpura won over with gifts to alliance
with Vīrapandu. Cv.lxxvii.6.
A tank built by Parakkamabāhu I. It was connected with the Kāragangā by the
Godāvarī Canal. Cv.lxxix.28,67.
A tank built by Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxxix.27). See Parakkamabāhu.
- Parakkantabāhu, Parakkantabhuja.
One of the cities of Uttarakuru, described as having been built on an airy
- Paramannadāyaka Thera.
An arahant. Ninety one kappas ago he invited Vipassī Buddha to his house,
where he served him with excellent food. Ap.i.249.
A king of Ayodhya (in India?) who built a monastery, called the Lankārāma, for
the Elder Dhammakitti. P.L.C.245.
- Paramassāsa Sutta.
A conversation between Sāriputta and Jambukhādaka on what constitutes supreme
comfort. S.ii.254; cp.iv.261.
A Brahmā who was present at the Mahāsamaya. D.ii.260.
A grammatical work on Pāli, by King Kyocvā of Pagan. There is a Tīkā on it by
Mahā Kassapa. Bode, op. cit., 25.
Another name for the Khemappakarana (q.v.).
- Paramatthadīpanī 1.
Dhammapāla's Commentary on the Udānā, Itivuttaka, Vimānavatthu, Petavatthu,
Theragāthā and Therīgāthā (Gv.60). It seems also to have been called
Vimalavilāsinī. P.L.C.114, n.4.
- Paramatthadīpanī 2.-The
name given to the Pa˝cappakaratthakathā. SadS.60.
Buddhaghosa's Commentary on the Khuddakapātha, Dhammapada, Sutta Nipāta and
- Paramatthama˝jūsā 1.
Dhammapālaĺs Commentary (Tīkā) on the Visuddhi-Magga.
- Paramatthama˝jūsā 2.
An Abhidhamma treatise by Vepullabuddhi. Bode, op. cit., 28.
name given to the Mūlatikā on the Abhidhamma-Pitaka written in Ceylon under
Mahā Kassapa. SadS.60.
A treatise on the Abhidhamma written by Anuruddha of Kā˝cipura. There exists a
Tīkā on it by Māhābodhi Thera. P.L.C.173f.; Gv.61,71; Svd.1226, 1230; Sās.69.
It was written at the request of Sangha-rakkhita. Gv.71.
A Pāli poem of one hundred verses, in twelve sections, dealing with the ten
pāramitā, written by Dhammakitti Sangharāja. The poem is based on the Jātaka
and the Cariyā Pitaka. P.L.C. 242.
- Parammarana Sutta.
Mahā Kassapa explains to Sāriputta that the Buddha has omitted to say anything
of his existence or otherwise after death, because such a discussion would be
fruitless; but he has taught of dukkha and its cessation, because that is
The Pāli name for the Portuguese, who invaded Ceylon. E.g., Cv.xcv. 5, 96;
of the ambassadors sent by Devānampiyatissa to Asoka. Dpv.xi.29, 31.
The name of a family. See Pārāpariya.
- Pārāpata Jātaka.
See Romaka Jātaka.
- Parappasādaka Thera.
An arahant. Ninety four kappas ago he was a brahmin named Sena, who, seeing
Siddhattha Buddha, praised him in four stanzas. Fourteen kappas ago he was
king four times under the name of Uggata (Ap.i.113f). He is probably identical
with Bhūta Thera. ThagA.i.494.
- Parasamuddavāsī Therī.-Referred
to in the Commentaries (e.g., MA.ii.726); the reference is probably to the
monks of India, as opposed to those of Ceylon.
The name of a family. See Pārāsariya.
- Paresa Sutta.
On three qualities essential for one who teaches others the Dhamma. A.i.151.
- Paribbājaka Vagga.
The eighth chapter of the Majjhima Nikāya, containing suttas 71 80. M.i.481ff.
city in the time of Sikhī Buddha, where the Bodhisatta was born as King
- Pāricchattaka Vagga.
The third chapter of the Vimāna Vatthu.
Pāricchattaka Vimāna Vatthu
- Parihāni Sutta.
Sāriputta tells the monks of four qualities that bring about "falling off":
abundance of lust, hatred, and delusion, and want of wisdom in profound
(or Abhijāna) Sutta. By not thoroughly knowing or understanding the five
khandhas one is unfit for the destruction of suffering. S.iii.26f.
- Parijānana Sutta.
Without comprehending and detaching himself from the all eye, nose, etc. a
man is incapable of extinguishing suffering. S.iv.17.
- Pārikā, Pārī.
A hunter's daughter, wife of Dukūlaka and mother of Suvannāsama (the
Bodhisatta). For details see the Sāma Jātaka. Pārikā was a former birth of
Bhaddā Kāpilānī. J.vi.95; Mil.123.
- Parikkhāra Sutta.
The seven requisites for the attainment of samddhi the first seven stages of
the Noble Eightfold Path. A.iv.40.
- Parikuppa Sutta.
Five kinds of persons who lie festering (parikuppa) in hell: those who kill
mother, father, or arahant, maliciously draw blood from the Buddha, or create
dissension in the Order. A.iii.146.
- Parilāha Sutta.
Not to understand dukkha and its cessation is far more fearsome than to be
born in the Parilāha-niraya. S.v.450.
A niraya where all objects of the senses, even when really attractive, appear
quite repulsive to those experiencing them. S.v.450.
- Pārileyyaka Sutta.
When the Buddha was staying in a forest near Pārileyya, some monks asked
Ananda to take them to him. This he did, and the Buddha, reading the thoughts
of certain monks, preached a sermon on the destruction of the āsavas by the
full realization of impermanence and the absence of any self. S.iii.95ff.
- Parimandala Vagga.
The first section of the Sekhiyā. Vin.iv.185 7.
- Parimucchita Sutta.
One who does not regard the body, etc., as "I" and "mine" and as "self" will
not have a hereafter. S.iii.165.
A Damila usurper, son of King Pandu. He ruled in Anurādhapura for three years
between 433 and 460, and was succeeded by his youngest brother, Khudda Parinda.
- Pari˝˝eyya Sutta.
The All should be fully known. S.iv.29.
- Parisā Vagga.
The fifth chapter of the Duka Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. A.i.70.
- Parisuddha Sutta.
Eight conditions the factors of the Noble Eightfold Path which are
absolutely pure and which come into being only on the appearance of a
- Parisuddha Vagga.
The thirteenth chapter of the Dasaka Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. A.v.237
A king of sixty seven kappas ago, a previous birth of Dussadāyaka Thera.
A class of devas belonging to the Subhas (M.iii.102). Beings are born among
them after attaining the third jhāna (VibhA. 507). Their life span is sixteen
kappas. AbhS. 23.
district in South India. It was given over to Colagangara in return for his
allegiance to Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvii.9.
A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.137, 221.
Parivārapātha (or Parivāra)
- Pārivāsika Khandha.
The second section of the Culla Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka.
- Parivena vihāra.
A vihāra in Rohana, built by Aggabodhi, ruler of Rohana (Aggabodhi 6).
- Pariyādinna Suttā.
Two suttas on how attachments arise and on how they can be completely
- Pariyesanā Sutta.
On four quests that are un Ariyan and four that are Ariyan. A.ii.247.
Parosahassa Jātaka (No. 99)
- Parosahassa Sutta.
Relates how once, when the Buddha was at Jetavana with twelve hundred and
fifty monks, instructing them and inciting them by means of a sermon on
Nibbāna, Vangīsa, who was in the assembly, after obtaining the Buddha's
permission, extolled him in a number of verses. S.i.192.
- Parosata Jātaka
(No. 101). This story is analogous in all respects to the Parosahassa Jātaka
- Parosata Vagga.
The eleventh chapter of the Eka Nipāta of the Jātakatthakathā. J.i.410 24.
A locality in South India, captured by Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvi.236.
- Pasādabahula Sutta.-See Pāsādabahula, which is a
- Pāsādakampana Vagga.
The second chapter of the Iddhipāda Samyutta
(S.v.263ff). It derives its name from the Pāsādakampana (or Moggallāna) Sutta
- Pasādapāsāda. A monastic building erected in the
Selantarasamūhavihāra by Yasodharā, daughter of Vijayabāhu I. Cv.Ix.84.
- Pāsāna Sutta.
Once when the Buddha was in Gijjhakūta on a dark and rainy night, Māra sent
many rocks crashing down in order to frighten him, but the Buddha was quite
A tank restored by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.36.
- Pāsānalekha Sutta.
Three kinds of persons: like carvings on rock, on the ground and on water. The
first is easily angered and his anger lasts long; that of the second does not
last long; the third is easily reconciled. A.i.283.
A hill near Anurādhapura, to the north of the Nīcasusāna, laid out by
A locality in Ceylon where Dhātusena built the Dhātusenapabbata vihāra.
A ford across the Kadambanadī. From this ford the sīmā of the Mahāvihāra
started, returning to the same spot. In Pāsānatittha was the Kuddavātakapāsāna.
village in Rohana, near Mahāgāma. Ras.i.103.
- Pāsarāsi Sutta.
Another name for the Ariyapariyesanā Sutta (q.v.). See also MA.ii.740.
- Pasayha Sutta. Five powers - beauty, wealth,
kin, sons, virtue - the possession of which enables a woman to live at home,
overpowering (pasayha) her husband. S.iv.246.
- Passaddhi Sutta. On tranquillity - a
conversation between Ananda and Udāyī. A.iv.455.
- Passī. A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a nominal
list. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107; MA.ii.890.
- Pātāla Sutta.
The worldlings speak of a bottomless pit (pātāla) in the mighty ocean. But the
real pātāla is painful bodily feeling, which brings about weeping and wailing
and lamentation. S.iv.206f.
or Mānapa Sutta. A series of discussions between Pātali and the Buddha,
on various topics. S.iv.340ff.
- Pātaligāmiya Vagga.
The eighth section of the Udāna. Ud., pp.
Thera. An arahant. Ninety two kappas ago he was a setthi putta who, seeing
Tissa Buddha, offered him a lapful of pātaliflowers. Sixty three kappas ago he
was a king named Abhisammata. Ap.i.122f.
A Paribbājaka; see Potaliputta, for which it is a wrong reading.
- Patāpa. A mythical king, descendant of
Mahāsammata. His father was Mahāruci (or Suruci) and his son was Mahāpatāpa.
- Patāpana. A Niraya (J.v.266, 453), so called
because its heat was excessive (ativiya tāpetī ti Patāpano). J.v.271.
A locality in South India, mentioned in the account of the campaigns of
Lankāpura. Cv.lxxvi.224, 234.
- Pathama Cetiya. A cetiya built by
Devānampiyatissa, on the spot where Mahinda alighted on his first visit to
Anurādhapura and the king's palace. Mhv.xiv.45; xx.20; Sp.i.79. One of the
eight Bodhi saplings was planted there. Mhv.xix.61.
- Pathamasambodhi. The name of a book. Gv. 65, 75.
- Pathamasuddhiya Sutta. The four jhānas, which,
when cultivated, flow to Nibbāna, just as the Ganges flows to the east.
- Pathavicālaka Dhammagutta. See Dhammagutta.
- Pathavidundubhi. A king of ninety one kappas ago,
a previous birth of Mānava (Sammukhāthavika). ThagA.i.163; Ap.i.159.
- Pathavindhara 1. A Nāga king, a previous birth of
Rāhula. AA.i.142, etc.; but see s.v. Rāhula.
- Pathavindhara 2. Son of Kiki, king of Benares. He
built one of the gateways of the Dhātughara of Kassapa Buddha. SNA.i.194.
- Pātheyya Sutta.-Spoken
in answer to a deva's questions. Faith is the provision for the way (of
samsāra); desires drag men round and round. S.i.44.
A monastery in Ceylon, restored by Vijayabāhu I. Cv.Ix.58.
- Pāti Sutta.
Dire are gains, favours and flattery. They tempt even a man, otherwise
incorruptible, to lie for the sake of a silver bowl filled with gold dust, or
a golden bowl filled with silver dust. S.ii.233.
- Patibhāna Sutta. The four kinds of people in the
world: he who replies to the point, not diffusely; he who replies diffusely;
- Pātibhoga Sutta.
Four things against which there can be no surety: decay, disease, death and
rebirth. A.ii.112; cp.iii.54; Kvu.457.
- Paticchanna Sutta. Three things which are
practised in secret: the ways of women, the chants of brahmins, the views of
perverse men; and three others which are there for all to see: the sun, the
moon, and the dhamma-vinaya of a Tathāgata. A.i.282.
- Patidesanīya Vagga. One of the sub divisions of
the Pācittiya. Vin.iii.175ff.
The sixth chapter of the Pa˝˝āvagga of the Patisambhidāmagga.
- Pātihīrasa˝˝aka Thera.
An arahant. In the past he had seen the miracles attending the entry of
Padumuttara Buddha into his city and marvelled thereat. Ap.ii.392.
- Patijagga. Sixty seven kappas ago there were
seven kings of this name, all previous incarnations of Citakapūjaka Thera.
A park near Vesāli, where the Buddha was staying, when Sunakkhatta, having
failed to impress him as to the greatness of Korakkhattiya, left the Order and
went about abusing the Buddha. J.i.389; cp.ibid., 77.
- Patikkūla Sutta. The idea of the repulsiveness of
food, if cultivated and encouraged, conduces to great profit. S.v.132.
- Patikolamba. A cook. He refused to listen to
Sattigumba who suggested killing the Pa˝cāla king (J.iv.431f.). See the
- Patilābha Sutta. A description of the five
- Patilīna Sutta. A monk, who has shaken off
various speculations, has given up searching for sense pleasures and going on
other quests and has obtained calm by abandoning pleasure and pain, such a one
is called patilīna (withdrawn). A.ii.41f.
- Patimā vihāra. A monastery probably in Kānagāma,
where Aggabodhi, ruler of Rohana, set up a large stone image of the Buddha.
- Pātimokkha Sutta.
A monk asks the Buddha for a brief teaching. The Buddha tells him that he
should dwell in the self control of the Pātimokkha, well equipped in his range
of practice (ācāragocarasampanno), seeing danger in the minutest faults and
undertaking the precepts. Thus will he be able to develop the four
A book for Vinaya students, by Đānavara. Bode, op cit., 67.
- Pātimokkhathapana Khandaka.
The ninth chapter of the Culla Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka.
A commentary by Saddhammajotipāla. Gv.p.64.
- Patipatti Sutta. Preached at Sāvatthi, on wrong
conduct and right conduct. S.v.23.
- Patipatti Vagga. The fourth chapter of the Magga
- Patipattisangaha.-A Pāli work by an unknown
author. Gv. 62, 72.
- Patirūpa Sutta. The Buddha was once staying in
Ekasālā in Kosala, and there preached to a large congregation. Māra warned the
Buddha not to teach, lest he should suffer both from the zeal of his
supporters and the anger of his opponents. The Tathāgatha is unmindful of
both, answered the Buddha. S.i.111.
- Patisallāna Sutta. The Buddha exhorts the monks
to apply themselves to solitude, because the solitary man knows things as they
really are. S.iii.15; iv.80; v.414.
- Patisambhidākathā. The sixth section of the
Yuganaddhavagga of the Patisambhidāmagga. Ps.ii.147 158.
- Patisankhāra. Thirty kappas ago there were
thirteen kings of this name, all previous births of Sudhāpindiya Thera.
- Patisārānīya Sutta. Eight kinds of
disqualifications in a monk, which entitle the Order to censure him.
- Patitthārattha. Another name for Rājarattha
(q.v.), a division of Ceylon.
- Patitthita Sutta. On how a monk may establish
earnestness in the five indriyas. S.v.232.
- Patiyāloka. A place near Rājagaha. Vin.iv.79,
- Patiyārāma. The name of the Thūpārāma in the time
of Kakusandha Buddha. Sp.i.86; Dpv.xvii.11.
- Patoda Sutta. Four kinds of thoroughbred steeds
in the world and the corresponding four kinds of thoroughbred men. The first
kind of thoroughbred steed is stirred at the very sight of the shadow of the
goad stick, similarly thoroughbred men are agitated at the news of another's
- Pattadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety four kappas
ago he gave a bowl to Siddhattha Buddha. Ap.i.224.
- Pattakamma Sutta. Preached to Anāthapindika. Four
things are difficult to acquire in the world: wealth lawfully obtained, good
report, long life, happy rebirth. Four things conduce to their attainment:
perfection of faith, of virtue, of generosity and of wisdom. A.ii.65ff.
- Pattakamma Vagga. The seventh chapter of the
Catukka Nipāta of the Anguttara Nikāya. A.ii.65 76.
A fortress in South India, once occupied by Jagadvijaya. Cv.lxxvi.304,306;
- Pattapāsāna. A district of Ceylon, given for the
maintenance of the Jetthārāma, by Jetthā, chief queen of Aggabodhi IV.
- Pattapāsānavāpī. A tank in Ceylon, formed by
Moggallāna II. by the damming up of the Kadambanadī (Cv.xli.61). It was
restored by Vijyabāhu 1. (Ibid., lx.50) and again by Parakkamabāhu 1. Ibid.,
- Patthāna Sutta.-Three good results for which the
good life should be lived. Sutta Sangaha No.29; Itv.67f. Perhaps the correct
name is Patthanā Sutta. The Udāna calls it Sukka Sutta.
- Patthānaganānaya. An Abhidhamma treatise ascribed
to Saddhammajotipāla. Gv.64,74.
- Patthānappakarana. The last "book" of the
Abhidhammapitaka. It might be described as the book of "causes," and deals
with the twenty four paccayas or modes of relations between things, mental and
material. Its Commentary was written by Buddhaghosa at the request of a monk
called Culla Buddhaghosa.
- Patthānasāradīpanī. A work by a monk named
Saddhammālankāra. Sās. 48; Bode, op. cit., 47.
- Patthodanadāyaka Thera. An arahant. Ninety four
kappas ago he was a forester, and one day, when wandering in the forest with
his basket of rice, he saw the Buddha (Siddhattha?) and offered him the food.
- Patti. A Damila chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara.
- Pattipupphiya Thera. An arahant. He offered a
patti flower to the body of Padumuttara Buddha as it was being taken in the
procession for cremation. Ap.i.291.
- Pātubhava Sutta.
Six things, the manifestation of which in this world is rare. A.iii.441.
- Pavarā. One of the five daughters of Vessavana,
appointed, with her sisters, to dance before Sakka. Vv.iii.4; VvA.131.
- Pavāranakkhandha. The fourth section of the Mahā
Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka.
- Pavāsi Sutta.-A name given in the Sutta Sangaha
(No. 37) to Mitta Sutta (q.v.).
- Pavattā. A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; MA.ii.890.
- Pavattanī Sutta. Religious talk is profitable
when they who teach the Dhamma are separately and together able to penetrate
the spirit and the letter of the Dhamma. A.i.151.
- Pavesana Sutta. Ten evil results of a monk
visiting the king's harem. A.v.81ff.; cp. Vin.iv.159.
Sutta. See Timsamatta Sutta.
An elephant. See Baddheraka.
Payāga, Payāgatittha, Payāgapatitthāna
A class of Nāgas (D.ii.258). The Commentary explains (DA.ii.688) that they
lived in Pāyāgapatitthāna.
Thera. An arahant. Ninety one kappas ago he offered a bronze bowl
filled with milk rice to Vipassī Buddha. Forty one kappas ago he was a king
named Buddha (Ap.i.157). He is probably identical with Vacchapāla Thera.
- Payogasiddhi. A Pāli grammatical work, belonging
to the Moggallāna school, by Vanaratana Medhankara. P.L.C.230f.