1. Ujjaya, Ujjāya.-A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in the list in the Isigili Sutta. M.iii.70.
2. Ujjaya.-A thera. He was the son of a Sotthiya-brahmin of Rājagaha, and became proficient in the three Vedas. Dissatisfied with the teaching of the Vedas, he went to the Buddha and heard him preach at Veluvana. Later he entered the Order and retired into the forest, having learnt a subject for meditation. Soon after he became an arahant. In a past life he had offered a kanikāra-flower to the Buddha. Thirty-five kappas ago he was a king named Arunabala (Thag.v.67; ThagA.i.118f).
He is probably identical with Kanikārapupphiya of the Apadāna (Ap.i.203).
3. Ujjaya.-A brahmin. He once went to the Buddha and asked him if he thought well of sacrifices. The Buddha replied that he was opposed to sacrifices which involved the slaughter of animals, but sacrifices not necessitating butchery, such as, for instance, a long-established charity, an oblation for the welfare of the family, had his approval (A.ii.42).
The same Nikāya (A.iv.285f) records another visit of Ujjaya wherein he tells the Buddha that he wishes to observe a period of retreat (upavāsa), and asks for a teaching which will bring welfare both in this world and in the next. See below Ujjaya Sutta 2.