The Pāli name for Burma, referring particularly to the maritime provinces.

After the conversion of Rāmaa to Buddhism, there was a constant intercourse between that country and Ceylon (So says also Cv.lxxvi.10f). Vijayabāhu I. sent an embassy to Anuruddha, king of Rāmaa, and obtained from him learned and pious monks to re establish the Sangha in Ceylon (Cv.lxviii.8; lx.5ff.; but see Cv. Trs.i.n.4).

The kings of Rāmaa seem to have been in the habit of giving a special maintenance to Singhalese envoys sent to their country. The chief trade between the two countries was in elephants; the king of Rāmaa made a gift of an elephant to every vessel bringing gifts from foreign lands. In the time of Parakkamabāhu I., relations were strained between the two countries as a result of insults paid by the king of Rāmaa, and Parakkamabāhu sent a punitive expedition under the Damilādhikārin, ādicca. This expedition started from Pallavanka, and some of the forces landed at Kusumī in Rāmaa and the others at Papphālama. It is said that in a battle fought at Ukkama, the Singhalese forces killed the Rāmaa king. Thereafter, through the intervention of the monks, peace was restored between the two countries, and the Ramanas, as the people of Rāmaa were called, sent a yearly tribute to the king of Ceylon. For details of this expedition see Cv.lxxvi.10ff.; also Cv. Trs.ii.69, n.3.


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