MAJJHIMA NIKAAYA II
II.5. 2. Selasutta.m
(92) To the Brahmin Sela.
I heard thus.
At one time the Blessed One was touring the country of Anguttaraapa with a large
community of bhikkhus, about one thousand two hundred and fifty and entered a hamlet named
Aapana. The matted hair ascetic Keniya heard The good recluse Gotama, son of the
Saakyas touring the country of Anguttaraapa with a large community of bhikkhus, about one
thousand two hundred and fifty bhikkhus have come to the hamlet Aapana. Of him, fame has
spread, he is blessed, all knowing, endowed with knowledge and conduct, well gone, knows
of the worlds, is incomparable tamer of those to be tamed, Teacher of gods and men,
enlightened and blessed. He preaches to the world together with its gods Maaras, Brahmaas,
the community of recluses and brahmins and gods and men, that Teaching by himself known
and realized. That Teaching is good at the beginning, in the middle and the end. Is full
of meaning even in the letter and it explains the complete and pure holy life. It is good
to see such worthy ones.
Then the matted hair ascetic Keniya approached the Blessed One, exchanged friendly
greetings and sat on a side. The Blessed One addressed the matted hair ascetic
instructing, advising inciting and making his heart light. The matted hair ascetic Keniya,
instructed, advised, incited and made light hearted by the Blessed One said thus:May
the Blessed One accept tomorrows meal from me together with the community of
bhikkhus. When this was said the Blessed One said: O! Keniya, the community of
bhikkhus is too large about one thousand two hundred and fifty, are the brahmins pleased
about this. For the second time Keniya said: O! Gotama, even if there are one
thousand two hundred and fiftybhikkhus, the brahmins are pleased. May the Blessed One
accept tomorrows meal from me together with the community of bhikkhus. For the
second time the Blessed One said:O! keniya, there are about one thousand two hundred
and fifty bhikkhus, are the brahmins pleased about this? For the third time Keniya
said: O! Gotama, whatever the number of bhikkhus, even if, one thousand two hundred
and fifty bhikkhus, the brahmins are pleased, may the Blessed One accept tomorrows
meal from me, together with the community of bhikkhus. The Blessed One accepted in
Then Keniya the matted hair ascetic knew that the Blessed One had accepted, got up from
his seat, went to his hermitage, addressed his friends and blood relations: Good
sirs, listen, I have invitedthe recluse Gotama for tomorrows meal together with the
community of bhikkhus, whatever work there is to be done, do them for me. They
accepted, Keniya the matted hair ascetics request and some of them dug furnaces,
others axed wood. Some washed vessels, placed water vessels and some arranged seats. The
matted hair ascetic Keniya himself arranged the circular hall .
At that time the brahmin Sela lived in Aapana perfect in the three Vedas, learned in
the rites and rituals as officiating priest, learned in the phonology and etymology of
words and the fivefold history in words and grammar, and learned in tracing the marks of a
Great Man. And he taught these to three hundred young men orally.
At that time Keniya the matted hair ascetic was friendly with the brahmin Sela. The
brahmin Sela accompanied by the three hundred young men, walking and wandering for
exercise turned towards the hermitage of the matted hair ascetic.He saw the matted hair
ascetics at work in the hermitage of Keniya, some digging furnaces, others axing wood to
light fire, washing vessels, placing water vessels others arranging seats and Keniya the
matted hair ascetic himself arranging the circular hall. He said to Keniya. Keniya,
will there be a woman brought here, or one given away, or will there be a great sacrifice,
or is Seniya Bimbisaara the king of Magadha invited for tomorrows meal together with
his army?. Sela, to me there would not be, a woman brought nor given away,
Seniya Bimbisaara the king of Magadha is not invited for tomorrows meal together
with the army. Yet there is a great sacrifice for me the recluse Gotama son of the
Saakyas, who has gone forth from the Saakya clan is touring Anguttaraapa with a large
community of bhikkhus has come to Aapana. Of him such fame has spread, he is blessed,
worthy, all knowing, endowed with knowledge and conduct, well gone, knows the worlds, the
incomparable tamer of those to be tamed, teacher of gods and men, enlightened and blessed.
I have invited him for tomorrows meal together with the community of bhikkhus.
Does good Keniya say enlightened Good Sela, I say enlightened.
Does, good Keniya say enlightened Good Sela, I say enlightened.
Then it occurred to the brahmin Sela. Even the sound Enlightened is
rare in the world. The sacred sayings handed down state thirty two marks of a Great Man,
endowed with which there are only two courses of action for the Great Man, not another. If
he leads a household life he becomes a universal monarch, a righteous king who would rule
the four quarters endowed with the seven jewels. They are the jewels of the, wheel,
elephant, horse, gem, woman, householder and advisor. He has more than a thousand sons,
clever heroic figures who would defeat foreign armies. They would rule the country
surrounded by the ocean righteously without weapons and punishments. If he leaves the
household and goes forth, becomes worthy, all knowing rolls the veil away from the world..
Good Keniya, where does the Enlightened One, worthy and all knowing live
nowKeniya the matted hair ascetic stretched out his right hand and said There!
in the deep green forest.
Then the brahmin Sela with the three hundred young men approached the Blessed One,
while going he addressed the young men. Good sirs, come with little noise raising
one foot after the other. Blessed Ones are far from noise and live alone like lions. While
I am talking with the recluse Gotama, do not arouse conversations among yourselves and
enter when our conversation ends.
Then the brahmin Sela approached the Blessed One, exchanged friendly greetings sat on a
side, and examined the thirty two marks of a Great Man. He saw most of the marks of a
Great Man, except two. Doubting whether the pudendum was encased and whether the tongue
was large enough to cover the face, he was dissatisfied. Then it occurred to the Blessed
One. The brahmin Sela sees most of the marks of a Great Man except two, he has doubts, as
to whether the pudendum is encased and the tongue is large enough to cover the face. Then
the Blessed One performed a psychic exercise so that the brahmin Sela could see the
Blessed Ones pudendum encased and the large tongue. The Blessed One pulled out his
tongue and with it, touched both ear lobes, nostrils and the whole forehead, and covered
up the whole face with it.
Then it occurred to the brahmin Ssla, indeed the recluse Gotama is endowed with all the
thirty two marks of a Great Man, yet we do not know whether he is enlightened. I have
heard it said by learned aged brahmins, that Great Men when praised disclose what they
are, whether they are worthy and enlightened What if I eulogize the recluse Gotama with
meaningful verses and so he eulogized the Blessed One saying these verses.
548. O! Blessed One, you are handsome, is pleasant,
Is well born, lovely to look at, has a golden hue, and strong white teeth..
549. To those born well, there are marks
All the marks of a Great Man are evident on your body.
550. You have pleasant eyes a beautiful mouth, a straight and majestic body
In the midst of the community you shine like the sun.
551. The bhikkhu with good looks is like a statue of gold
What is the use of your recluse-ship when so handsome?.
552. You should be a universal monarch, the leading charioteer
Winning over the four quarters, should be the monarch of Jambudviipa.
553. Should have warrior subordinate kings attached to you,
O! Gotama, king of kings, win over the humans and rule.
554. The Blessed One said:
Sela, I am the righteous king, incomparable,
Righteously I turn the wheel, not ever to be stopped. ..
555. The brahmin Sela said:
Acknowledges, complete Knowledge, and incomparable righteous rulership
Says will turn the wheel of the Teaching righteously.
556.Who are the good ones generals, the disciples following the Teacher,
For the wheel of the Teaching to roll on, who would roll it afterwards.
557. The Blessed One said:
Sela, this incomparable wheel of righteousness rolled by me,
Will be rolled afterwards by Saariputta, born after the Thus Gone One.
558. Brahmin, I realized what should be realized, developed what should be developed.
Dispelled what should be dispelled, therefore Im enlightened.
559. The brahmin Sela said:
O! Brahmin, put an end to my doubts, and release me.
The presence of an enlightened one is very rare.
560. That which is rare in the world has appeared.
The all enlightened one, the incomparable surgeon.
561. Become Mahaa Brahmaa have destroyed the army of Death,
Winning over, all enemies, abides happily without fear.
562. Good sirs listen to what the wise one says,
The surgeon, the great hero, roars in the forest like a lion
563.Become Mahaa Brahmaa have destroyed the army of Death
Seeing him who would not be pleased except those with low birth
564. Those that wish to follow me, do so, the others could go
Now I go forth in the noble wise ones dispensation..
565. If you, sir, like the dispensation of the all enlightened one,
We too will go forth in the noble wise ones dispensation. .
566. O! Blessed One, these three hundred brahmins with clasped hands,
Beg for the going forth in your dispensation.
567. T he Blessed One said:
Sela, the holy life is well proclaimed, is here and now and not a matter of time,
Here the not deluded go forth and train diligently
The brahmin Sela together with his following obtained the going forth, as homeless
andthe higher ordination in the dispensation of the Blessed One.
Keniya, the matted hair ascetic at the end of that night prepared plenty of nourishing
eatables and drinks in his hermitage and informed the Blessed One: It is time
venerable sir, the food is ready.
The Blessed One put on robes in the morning, taking bowl and robes approached the
matted hair ascetics hermitage and sat on the prepared seats together with the
community of bhikkhus. Then Keniya, the matted hair ascetic with his own hands served and
satisfied the community of bhikkhus headed by the Enlightened One with the nourishing
eatables and drinks. When the Blessed One had finished partaking the meal, and had put the
bowl away, Keniya took a low seat, sat on a side and the Blessed One addressed the thanks
giving with these verses.
568. Of sacrifices the fire sacrifice is the chief,
Of Vedic hymns Saavitti is the foremost.
The king is chief for humans,
The ocean is chief for all rivers.
569. To the constellation the moon is chief, to give warmth the Sun is chief,
To those desiring merit the Community of bhikkhus is the chief.
The Blessed One did the thanks giving with these verses, got up from his seat and went
Then venerable Sela and his following, alone, withdrawn from the crowd and secluded
abode diligently for dispelling. Before long, for whatever purpose sons of clansmen
rightfully go forth from a household, that highest end of the holy life, he here and now
knew, realized and abode. He knew, birth is destroyed, the holy life is lived to the end,
what should be done, is done, there is nothing more to wish.Venerable Sela and his
following became arahants. Then venerable Sela approached the Blessed One together with
his following. Arranging the robe on one shoulder, clasping hands towards the Blessed One
addressed the Blessed One in verses.
570. Wise One, this is the eighth day, after we took your refuge.
Within seven nights we are tamed in your dispensation.
571. You are enlightened, Teacher, the sage who has overcome Death,
You crossed, destroying the dormant tendencies and crosses over this populace.
572. Endearments overcome have destroyed desires,
Is like a lion without seizures, fears big and small overcome.
573. Here stand the three hundred bhikkhus with clasped hands
Hero, we worship your feet, Great Men worship the Teacher.